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Data presentation - Summary description

The ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) is a quarterly survey of expectations for the rates of inflation, real GDP growth and unemployment in the euro area for several horizons, together with a quantitative assessment of the uncertainty surrounding them. The participants are experts affiliated with financial or non-financial institutions based within the European Union. As of 2015 the results are reported in a standalone web publication on a quarterly basis (i.e. in February, May, August and November) on the dedicated  SPF webpage .

Data presentation - Detailed description
Reference area coverage

Euro area

Sector coverage

Whole economy

Time coverage

1999 - now

Methodological information
Time period

1999 - four to five years ahead of the current calendar year

Frequency of data collection


Statistical concepts and definitions

For information about the naming convention (series key dimensions and metadata), refer to the SPF underlying DSD (ECB_FCT1) maintained by the ECB.

Administrative Information

SPF - Survey of Professional Forecasters

Data source

European Central Bank

Release policy

The SPF is an input to non-monetary policy meetings of the ECB"s Governing Council (in January, April, July and October) and results are released to the public on the following day.

Release policy - release calendar

The release date of the upcoming survey round is announced on the dedicated  SPF webpage .

Release policy - release calendar access

An overview of the dates when the regular surveys were conducted and published is publicly available.

Technical Information

Download the series catalogue containing a full list of series and associated metadata of the dataset SPF in CSV format (zipped)

Dataset last update
26 January 2024 09:50 CET
Metadata last update
7 September 2022 12:17 CEST